Boyd, an anthropologist and author of ‘It’s Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens
,’ noted that social media use
by young people has gone from a consolidation phase (Facebook) to a state of
complete fragmentation as young people dabble in a variety of platforms to meet
As such, it’s no longer simple to optimize
analytics for social media because these platforms differ by structure, format
and, importantly, the use or purpose for which young people have deemed each
best suited, respectively.
Much of the migratory behavior we’re seeing in
young people on social media these days is a response to a lack of privacy and
the consequent desire to exert more control over what is shared with whom.
Boyd said young people care deeply about
privacy, but not in the sense we ‘grown-ups’ might think. She said they want to
public, not to be
public, and they’re migrating from
platform to platform in an effort to exert control over their social situations.
Young people are increasingly speaking in a sort of code or ‘social steganography’
Boyd cautioned the audience to not to take
what’s posted online too literally, as young people are increasingly speaking
in a sort of code or ‘social steganography’: much of what they post is a
message hiding in plain sight intended for and whose meaning may only be
deciphered by select insiders.
‘My job as an ethnographer to get in deep and make sense of things has
gotten harder. We’re missing things.’
‘My job as an ethnographer to get in deep and make sense of things
has gotten harder,’ Boyd said. ‘We’re missing things.’
They’re also gaming algorithms in ways that
might throw you off. For example, Boyd said young people often insert brand
names randomly in status updates because they know that it will bump them to
the top of their friends’ lists.
‘Youth know Facebook and other platforms use
algorithms for commercial purposes,’ Boyd said.
They do the same thing with Gmail, she added,
whiting out text and pasting it into emails they send friends to trigger ads that are clearly targeted for other people for laughs, for example.
Boyd closed with a note about how young people are organizing by
networks instead of traditional groups. ‘They get networks; they
understand how to flow things,’ she said.
The move from groups’characterized by established boundaries’to
networks, which are porous, constitutes a radical cultural shift, Boyd
The shift has implications for business culture, in particular.
Boyd noted young people are voracious learners, which in part explains why
those who’ve entered the work force now switch jobs every couple of years. And
true to networking, they retain the ties they’ve made at their old jobs while
forging new ones, which may seem innocuous but may really not be.
Boyd noted that in Silicon Valley, for example, the new generation
of hi-tech industry workers doesn’t see a problem exchanging, say, code with
peers over coffee.
‘They’re fundamentally networked,’ Boyd explained. ‘They see
no issue in meeting with friends from their old company and sharing information
that might be considered intellectual property.’
The transient nature of the emerging labor cohort and the free
flow and exchange of knowledge and experience inherent in the networked ethos
will completely change the culture of business, she concluded.